Throughout History


Famous muslim scientists and their inventions

Ibn Al-Baitar (1197 – 1248)

Arab scholar, botanist, and physician who meticulously documented the Middle Ages medical discoveries made by Islamic physicians.

Ibn Khaldun (1332 – 1406)

Arab historian and historiographer who created one of the first nonreligious historical philosophies.

Ibn Zuhr (1091 – 1161)

Often referred to as Avenzoar renowned for his classic book Al-Taisir Fil-Mudawat Wal-Tadbeer, He was an Arab surgeon, poet and physician.

Ibn Al-Haytham (965 – 1040)

Commonly called as Alhazen. Astronomer and mathematician from the Arab world renowned for his significant contributions to optical theory.

Ibn Ishaq Al-Kindi (801 – 873)

Also referred to as Alkindus, The earliest of the Muslim peripatetic philosophers was an Arab Muslim scientist and philosopher, even known as “Father of Arab Philosophy”.

Jabir Ibn Haiyan (722 – 804)

Also spelled Geber. The pioneer of Arab chemistry is renowned for his enormously significant works on metallurgy and alchemy.

Abu Bakr Al-Razi (865 – 925)

Often referred to as Rhazes, He was a  Persian philosopher and alchemist who is regarded as one of history’s finest physicians.

Thabit ibn Qurra (826 – 901)

Arab mathematician, physician, and astronomer, also known as Thebit, who was the first to revise the Ptolemaic system and was the father of statics.

Omar Khayyam (1048 – 1131)

Persian mathematician, astronomer, and poet famous for his Rubaiyat (“quatrains”) and scientific accomplishments.

Muhammad ibn Musa Al-Khwarizmi (780 – 850)

Other names were Algoritmi and Algaurizin. His writings introduced algebraic concepts and Hindu-Arabic numbers to European mathematics.

Ibn Rushd (1126 – 1198)

Also referred to as Averroes. Arab philosopher and academic who wrote a number of summaries and analyses on the majority of Aristotle’s works as well as on Plato’s Republic.

Ibn Battuta (1304 – 1369)

Arab explorer and scholar, also known as Shams ad-Din, who is best known for writing the Rihlah, one of the most well-known travelogues in history.

Ibn Sina (980 – 1037)

Known also as Avicenna. Aristotelian philosophy and medicine were influenced by this Persian scientist and philosopher.

Al-Battani (858 – 929)

Also referred to as Albatenius. Arab astronomer, scientist, and mathematician who enhanced current estimates of the length of the year and the seasons.

Abu Nasr Al-Farabi (872 – 950)

Also called Alpharabius. Arab scholar and philosopher, often regarded as one of the greatest minds of the Middle Ages.

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